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Textbook | NCERT |

Class | Class 12th |

Subject | Maths |

Chapter | 28 |

Exercise | 28.3 |

Category | RD Sharma Solutions |

Table of Contents

**RD Sharma Class 12 Ex 28.3 Solutions Chapter 28 The Straight Line in Space**

**Question 1: Ten cards numbered 1 through 10 are placed in a box, mixed **

### Question 1. Show that the lines and intersect and find their point of intersection.

**Solution:**

Given that the coordinates of any point on the first line are

⇒ x = λ, y = 2λ + 2, z = 3λ – 3

The coordinates of a general point on the second line are given by:

⇒ x = 2μ + 2, y = 3μ + 6, z = 4μ + 3

If the lines intersect, for some values of λ and μ, we must have:

λ – 2μ = 2 ……(1)

2λ – 3μ = 4 ……(2)

3λ – 4μ = 6 …..(3)

Solving this system of equations, we get

λ = 2 and μ = 0

On substituting the values in eq(3), we have

LHS = 3(2) – 4(0)

= 6 = RHS

**Thus, the given lines intersect at (2, 6, 3).**

### Question 2. Show that the lines and do not intersect.

**Solution:**

Given that the coordinates of any point on the first line are

⇒ x = 3λ + 1, y = 2λ – 1, z = 5λ + 1

The coordinates of a general point on the second line are given by:

⇒ x = 4μ – 2, y = 3μ + 1, z = -2μ – 1

If the lines intersect, for some values of λ and μ, we must have:

3λ – 4μ = -3 ……(1)

2λ – 3μ = 2 ……(2)

5λ + 2μ = -2 …..(3)

Solving this system of equations, we get

λ = -17 and μ = -12

On substituting the values in eq(3), we have

LHS = 3(-17) + 2(-12)

= -75 ≠ RHS

**Thus, the given lines do not intersect with each other.**

### Question 3. Show that the lines and intersect and find their point of intersection.

**Solution:**

Given that the coordinates of any point on the first line are

⇒ x = 3λ – 1, y = 5λ – 3, z = 7λ – 5

The coordinates of a general point on the second line are given by:

⇒ x = 2μ + 2, y = 3μ + 6, z = 4μ + 3

If the lines intersect, for some values of λ and μ, we must have:

3λ – μ = 3 ……(1)

5λ – 3μ = 7 ……(2)

7λ – 5μ = 11 …..(3)

Solving this system of equations, we get

λ = 1/2 and μ = -3/2

On substituting the values in eq(3), we have

LHS = 3(2) – 4(0)

= -3/2 = RHS

Now put the value of λ in first equation and we get

x = 1/2, y = -1/2, z = -3/2

**Thus, the given lines intersect at (1/2, -1/2, -3/2).**

### Question 4. Prove that the line through (0, -1, -1) and B(4, 5, 1) intersects the line through C(3, 9, 4) and D(-4, 4, 4). Also, find their point of intersection.

**Solution:**

Given that the coordinates of any point on the line AB are

⇒ x = 4λ, y = 6λ – 1, z = 2λ – 1

Also, given that the coordinates of any point on the line CD are

⇒ x = 7μ + 3, y = 5μ + 9, z = 4

If the lines intersect, for some values of λ and μ, we must have:

4λ – 7μ = 3 ……(1)

6λ – 5μ = 10 ……(2)

λ = 5/2 …..(3)

⇒ λ = 5/2 and μ = 1.

On substituting the values in eq(3), we have

LHS = 4(5/2) – 7(1)

= 3 = RHS

Now put the value of λ in line AB, we get

x = 10, y = 14, z = 4

**Thus, the given lines AB and CD intersect at point (10, 14, 4).**

### Question 5. Prove that the line and intersect and find their point of intersection.

**Solution:**

According to the question, it is given that the position vector of two points on the lines are

If the lines intersect, then for some value of λ and μ, we must have:

Now equate the coefficient of we get

1 + 3λ = 4 + 2μ ……(1)

1 – λ = 0 …..(2)

-1 = -1 +3μ …..(3)

On solving the equation, we get

λ = 1 and μ = 0.

Now, substituting the values in eq(1), we get

1 + 3(1) = 4 + 2(0)

4 = 4

LHS = RHS

**Thus, the coordinates of the point of intersection of the two lines are (4, 0, -1).**

### Question 6. Determine whether the following pairs of lines intersect or not:

### (i) and

**Solution:**

Given that:

If the lines intersect, then for some value of λ and μ, we must have:

Now equate the coefficient of we get

1 + 2λ = 2 + μ …..(1)

-1 = -1 + μ …..(2)

λ = -μ …..(3)

On solving the equations, we get

λ = 0 and μ = 0.

Now, substitute the values in eq(1), we get

1 + 2λ = 2 + μ

1 + 2(0) = 2 + 0

1 ≠ 2

LHS ≠ RHS

**Thus, the given lines do not intersect.**

### (ii) and

**Solution:**

Given that the coordinates of any point on the line AB are

⇒ x = 2λ + 1, y = 3λ – 1, z = λ

The coordinates of a general point on the second line are given by

⇒ x = 5μ – 1, y = μ + 2, z = 2

If the lines intersect, for some values of λ and μ, we must have:

2λ – 5μ = -2 ……(1)

3λ – μ = 3 ……(2)

λ = 2 …..(3)

Solving this system of equations, we get

λ = 2 and μ = 3

On substituting the values in eq(3), we have

LHS = 2(2) – 5(3)

= -2 ≠ RHS

**Thus, the given lines do not intersect each other.**

### (iii) and

**Solution:**

Given that the coordinates of any point on the line AB are

⇒ x = λ, y = 2λ + 2, z = 3λ – 3

The coordinates of a general point on the second line are given by

⇒ x = 2μ + 4, y = 0, z = 3μ – 1

If the lines intersect, for some values of λ and μ, we must have:

λ – 2μ = 2 …….(1)

2λ – 3μ = 4 ……(2)

3λ – 4μ = 6 ……(3)

On solving this system of equations, we get

λ = 1 and μ = 0

On substituting the values in eq(3), we have

LHS = 3(1) – 2(0)

= 3 = RHS

**Thus, the given lines intersect at (4, 0, -1).**

### (iv) and

**Solution:**

Given that the coordinates of any point on the line AB are

⇒ x = 4λ + 5, y = 4λ + 7, z = -5λ – 3

The coordinates of a general point on the second line are given by:

⇒ x = 7μ + 8, y = μ + 4, z = 3μ + 5

If the lines intersect, for some values of λ and μ, we must have:

4λ – 7μ = 3 …….(1)

4λ – μ = -3 ……(2)

5λ + 3μ = -8 ……(3)

On solving this system of equations, we get

λ = -1 and μ = -1

On substituting the values in eq(3), we have

LHS = 5(-1) – 3(-1)

= -8 = RHS

**Thus, the given lines intersect at (1, 3, 2).**

### Question 7. Show that the lines and are intersecting. Hence, find their point of intersection.

**Solution:**

Given that,

If the lines intersect, then for some value of λ and μ, we must have:

Now equate the coefficient of we get

3 + λ = 5 + 3μ ……..(1)

2 + 2λ = -2 + 2μ ……..(2)

2λ – 4 = 6μ ……..(3)

Solving the equation, we have:

λ = -4 and μ = -2.

On substituting the values, we get

LHS = 2(-4) – 4

= -12

RHS = 6(-2)

= -12

**Thus, the given lines intersect at point(-1, -6, -12).**

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