RD Sharma Class 10 Ex 14.2 Solutions Chapter 14 Coordinate Geometry

In this chapter, we provide RD Sharma Class 10 Ex 14.2 Solutions Chapter 14 Coordinate Geometry for English medium students, Which will very helpful for every student in their exams. Students can download the latest RD Sharma Class 10 Ex 14.2 Solutions Chapter 14 Coordinate Geometry pdf, Now you will get step by step solution to each question.

TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 10
SubjectMaths
ChapterChapter 14
Chapter NameCoordinate Geometry
Exercise14.2
CategoryRD Sharma Solutions

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 10 Chapter 14 Coordinate Geometry Ex 14.2 Download PDF

Chapter 14: Coordinate Geometry Exercise – 14.2

Question: 1

Find the distance between the following pair of points:

(i) (- 6, 7) and (-1, -5)

(ii) (a + b, b + c) and (a -b, c – b)

(iii) (a sin α, – b cos α) and (- a cos α, b sin α)

(iv) (a, 0) and (0, b)

Solution:

(i) We have P (- 6, 7) and Q (- 1, – 5)

Here,

x1 = – 6, y1 = 7 and

x2 = -1, Y2 = – 5

(ii) We have P (a + b, b + c) and Q (a – b, c – b) here,

x1 = a + b, y= b + c and x2 = a – b, Y2 = c – b

(iii) We have P(a sinα, – b cos α) and Q(-a cos α, b sin α) here

x= a sin α, y1 = – b cos α and

x– a cos α, y2 = b sin α

(iv) We have P(a, 0) and Q (0, b)

Here,

x1 = a,y1 = 0, x2 = 0, y2 = b,

Question: 2

Find the value of a when the distance between the points (3, a) and (4, 1) is √10.

Solution:

We have P (3, a) and Q(4, 1)

Here,

Squaring both sides

  ⇒ 10 = 2 + a2 – 2a

  ⇒ a2 – 2a + 2 – 10 = 0

  ⇒ a2 – 2a – 8 = 0

Splitting the middle team

 ⇒ a2 – 4a + 2a – 8 = 0

 ⇒ a(a – 4) + 2(a – 4) = 0

⇒ (a – 4) (a + 2) = 0

  ⇒ a = 4, a = – 2

Question: 3

If the points (2, 1) and (1, -2) are equidistant from the point (x, y) from (-3, 0) as well as from (3, 0) are 4.

Solution:

We have P(2, 1) and Q(1,- 2) and R(X, Y)

Also, PR = QR

∴ PR = QR

⇒ x+ 5 – 4x + y2 –2y = x+ 5 – 2x + y+ 4y

⇒ x+ 5 – 4x + y2 – 2y = x+ 5 – 2x + y+ 4y

⇒ – 4x + 2x – 2y – 4y = 0

 ⇒ – 2x – 6y = 0

  ⇒ – 2(x + 3y) = 0

⇒ -2(x + 3y) = 0

 ⇒ x + 3y = 0/-2

  ⇒ x + 3y = 0

Hence Proved.

Question: 4

Find the value of x, y if the distances of the point (x, y) from (- 3, 0) as well as from (3, 0) are 4.

Solution:

We have P(x, y), Q( -3, 0) and R(3, 0)

Squaring both sides

   ⇒ 16 = x2 + 9 + 6x + y2

  ⇒ x2 + y2 = 7 – 6x                            …… (1)

Squaring both sides

⇒16 = x2 + 9 – 6x + y2

⇒ x2 + y2 = 16 – 9 + 6x

 ⇒ x2+ y= 7 + 6x                   …. (2)

 Equating (1) and (2)

7 – 6x = 7 + 6x

  ⇒ 7 – 7 = 6x + 6x

  ⇒ 0 = 12x

  ⇒ x = 12

Substituting the value of x = 0 in (2)

x2 + y2 = 7+ 6x

0 + y2 = 7 + 6 × 0

Y2 = 7

Y = + 7

All Chapter RD Sharma Solutions For Class10 Maths

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