In this chapter, we provide RD Sharma Solutions for Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles VSAQS for English medium students, Which will very helpful for every student in their exams. Students can download the latest RD Sharma Solutions for Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles VSAQS Maths pdf, free RD Sharma Solutions for Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles VSAQS Maths book pdf download. Now you will get step by step solution to each question.

Textbook | NCERT |

Class | Class 9 |

Subject | Maths |

Chapter | Chapter 15 |

Chapter Name | Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles |

Exercise | VSAQS |

**RD Sharma Solutions for Class 9 Chapter 15 Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles VSAQS Download PDF**

Question 1.

In the figure, two circles intersect at A and B. The centre of the smaller circle is O and it lies on the circumference of the larger circle. If ∠APB = 70°, find ∠ACB.

Solution:

Arc AB subtends ∠AOB at the centre and ∠APB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠AOB = 2∠APB = 2 x 70° = 140°

Now in cyclic quadrilateral AOBC,

∠AOB + ∠ACB = 180° (Sum of the angles)

⇒ 140° +∠ACB = 180°

⇒ ∠ACB = 180° – 140° = 40°

∴ ∠ACB = 40°

Question 2.

In the figure, two congruent circles with centre O and O’ intersect at A and B. If ∠AO’B = 50°, then find ∠APB.

Solution:

Two congruent circles with centres O and O’ intersect at A and B

∠AO’B = 50°

∵ OA = OB = O’A = 04B (Radii of the congruent circles)

Question 3.

In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in which ∠BAD = 75°, ∠ABD = 58° and ∠ADC = IT, AC and BD intersect at P. Then, find ∠DPC.

Solution:

∵ ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral,

∴ ∠BAD + ∠BCD = 180°

⇒ 75° + ∠BCD – 180°

⇒ ∠BCD = 180°-75°= 105° and ∠ADC + ∠ABC = 180°

⇒ 77° + ∠ABC = 180°

⇒ ∠ABC = 180°-77°= 103°

∴ ∠DBC = ∠ABC – ∠ABD = 103° – 58° = 45°

∵ Arc AD subtends ∠ABD and ∠ACD in the same segment of the circle 3

∴ ∠ABD = ∠ACD = 58°

∴ ∠ACB = ∠BCD – ∠ACD = 105° – 58° = 47°

Now in ∆PBC,

Ext. ∠DPC = ∠PBC + ∠PCB

=∠DBC + ∠ACB = 45° + 47° = 92°

Hence ∠DPC = 92°

Question 4.

In the figure, if ∠AOB = 80° and ∠ABC = 30°, then find ∠CAO.

Solution:

In the figure, ∠AOB = 80°, ∠ABC = 30°

∵ Arc AB subtends ∠AOB at the centre and

∠ACB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠ACB = 12∠AOB = 12 x 80° = 40°

In ∆OAB, OA = OB

∴ ∠OAB = ∠OBA

But ∠OAB + ∠OBA + ∠AOB = 180°

∴ ∠OAB + ∠OBA + 80° = 180°

⇒ ∠OAB + ∠OAB = 180° – 80° = 100°

∴ 2∠OAB = 100°

⇒ ∠OAB = 100∘2 = 50°

Similarly, in ∆ABC,

∠BAC + ∠ACB + ∠ABC = 180°

∠BAC + 40° + 30° = 180°

⇒ ∠BAC = 180°-30°-40°

= 180°-70°= 110°

∴ ∠CAO = ∠BAC – ∠OAB

= 110°-50° = 60°

Question 5.

In the figure, A is the centre of the circle. ABCD is a parallelogram and CDE is a straight line. Find ∠BCD : ∠ABE.

Solution:

In the figure, ABCD is a parallelogram and

CDE is a straight line

∵ ABCD is a ||gm

∴ ∠A = ∠C

and ∠C = ∠ADE (Corresponding angles)

⇒ ∠BCD = ∠ADE

Similarly, ∠ABE = ∠BED (Alternate angles)

∵ arc BD subtends ∠BAD at the centre and

∠BED at the remaining part of the circle

Question 6.

In the figure, AB is a diameter of the circle such that ∠A = 35° and ∠Q = 25°, find ∠PBR.

Solution:

In the figure, AB is the diameter of the circle such that ∠A = 35° and ∠Q = 25°, join OP.

Arc PB subtends ∠POB at the centre and

∠PAB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠POB = 2∠PAB = 2 x 35° = 70°

Now in ∆OP,

OP = OB radii of the circle

∴ ∠OPB = ∠OBP = 70° (∵ ∠OPB + ∠OBP = 140°)

Now ∠APB = 90° (Angle in a semicircle)

∴ ∠BPQ = 90°

and in ∆PQB,

Ext. ∠PBR = ∠BPQ + ∠PQB

= 90° + 25°= 115°

∴ ∠PBR = 115°

Question 7.

In the figure, P and Q are centres of two circles intersecting at B and C. ACD is a straight line. Then, ∠BQD =

Solution:

In the figure, P and Q are the centres of two circles which intersect each other at C and B

ACD is a straight line ∠APB = 150°

Arc AB subtends ∠APB at the centre and

∠ACB at the remaining part of the circle

∴ ∠ACB = 12 ∠APB = 12 x 150° = 75°

But ∠ACB + ∠BCD = 180° (Linear pair)

⇒ 75° + ∠BCD = 180°

∠BCD = 180°-75°= 105°

Now arc BD subtends reflex ∠BQD at the centre and ∠BCD at the remaining part of the circle

Reflex ∠BQD = 2∠BCD = 2 x 105° = 210°

But ∠BQD + reflex ∠BQD = 360°

∴ ∠BQD+ 210° = 360°

∴ ∠BQD = 360° – 210° = 150°

Question 8.

In the figure, if O is circumcentre of ∆ABC then find the value of ∠OBC + ∠BAC.

Solution:

In the figure, join OC

∵ O is the circumcentre of ∆ABC

∴ OA = OB = OC

∵ ∠CAO = 60° (Proved)

∴ ∆OAC is an equilateral triangle

∴ ∠AOC = 60°

Now, ∠BOC = ∠BOA + ∠AOC

= 80° + 60° = 140°

and in ∆OBC, OB = OC

∠OCB = ∠OBC

But ∠OCB + ∠OBC = 180° – ∠BOC

= 180°- 140° = 40°

⇒ ∠OBC + ∠OBC = 40°

∴ ∠OBC = 40∘2 = 20°

∠BAC = OAB + ∠OAC = 50° + 60° = 110°

∴ ∠OBC + ∠BAC = 20° + 110° = 130°

Question 9.

In the AOC is a diameter of the circle and arc AXB = 1/2 arc BYC. Find ∠BOC.

Solution:

In the figure, AOC is diameter arc AxB = 12 arc BYC 1

∠AOB = 12 ∠BOC

⇒ ∠BOC = 2∠AOB

But ∠AOB + ∠BOC = 180°

⇒ ∠AOB + 2∠AOB = 180°

⇒ 3 ∠AOB = 180°

∴ ∠AOB = 180∘3 = 60°

∴ ∠BOC = 2 x 60° = 120°

Question 10.

In the figure, ABCD is a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle with centre O. CD produced to E such that ∠AED = 95° and ∠OBA = 30°. Find ∠OAC.

Solution:

In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral

CD is produced to E such that ∠ADE = 95°

O is the centre of the circle

∵ ∠ADC + ∠ADE = 180°

⇒ ∠ADC + 95° = 180°

⇒ ∠ADC = 180°-95° = 85°

Now arc ABC subtends ∠AOC at the centre and ∠ADC at the remaining part of the circle

∵ ∠AOC = 2∠ADC = 2 x 85° = 170°

Now in ∆OAC,

∠OAC + ∠OCA + ∠AOC = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)

⇒ ∠OAC = ∠OCA (∵ OA = OC radii of circle)

∴ ∠OAC + ∠OAC + 170° = 180°

2∠OAC = 180°- 170°= 10°

∴ ∠OAC = 10∘2 = 5°

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