RD Sharma Class 9 Solutions Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables VSAQS

In this chapter, we provide RD Sharma Solutions for Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables VSAQS for English medium students, Which will very helpful for every student in their exams. Students can download the latest RD Sharma Solutions for Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables VSAQS Maths pdf, free RD Sharma Solutions for Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables VSAQS Maths book pdf download. Now you will get step by step solution to each question.

TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 9
SubjectMaths
ChapterChapter 13
Chapter NameLinear Equations in Two Variables
ExerciseVSAQS

RD Sharma Solutions for Class 9 Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables VSAQS Download PDF

Question 1.
In a parallelogram ABCD, write the sum of angles A and B.
Solution:
In ||gm ABCD,
∠A + ∠B = 180°
(Sum of consecutive angles of a ||gm)
Solution Of Rd Sharma Class 9 Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables

Question 2.
In a parallelogram ABCD, if ∠D = 115°, then write the measure of ∠A.
Solution:
In ||gm ABCD,
∠D = 115°
But ∠A + ∠D = 180°
(Sum of consecutive angles of a ||gm)
RD Sharma Math Solution Class 9 Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
⇒ ∠A + 115°= 180° ∠A = 180°- 115°
∴ ∠A = 65°

Question 3.
PQRS is a square such that PR and SQ intersect at O. State the measure of ∠POQ.
Solution:
In a square PQRS,
Diagonals PR and QS intersects each other at O.
RD Sharma Class 9 Questions Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
∵ The diagonals of a square bisect each other at right angles.
∴ ∠POQ = 90°

Question 4.
If PQRS is a square then write the measure of ∠SRP.
Solution:
In square PQRS,
Maths RD Sharma Class 9 Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
Join PR,
∵Diagonals of a square bisect are opposite angles
∴∠SRP = 12x ∠SRQ
= 12 x 90° = 45°

Question 5.
If ABCD is a rhombus with ∠ABC = 56°, find the measure of ∠ACD.
Solution:
In rhombus ABCD,
Diagonals bisect each other at 0 at right angles.
∠ABC = 56°
But ∠ABC + ∠BCD = 180° (Sum of consecutive angles)
⇒ 56° + ∠BCD = 180°
⇒ ∠BCD = 180° – 56° = 124°
∵ Diagonals of a rhombus bisect the opposite angle
∴ ∠ACD = 12 ∠BCD = 12 x 124°
= 62°
RD Sharma Class 9 Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables

Question 6.
The perimeter of a parallelogram is 22 cm. If the longer side measures 6.5 cm, what is the measure of the shorter side.
Solution:
Perimeter of a ||gm ABCD = 22cm
∴ Sum of two consecutive sides = 222
= 11cm
i.e. AB + BC = 11 cm
AB = 6.5 cm and let BC = x cm
∴ 6.5 + x = 11 cm
x = 11 – 6.5 = 4.5
∴ Shorter side = 4.5 cm
RD Sharma Class 9 Solutions Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables

Question 7.
If the angles of a quadrilateral are in the ratio 3 : 5 : 9 : 13. Then find the measure of the smallest angle.
Solution:
Ratio in the angles of a quadrilateral = 3 : 5 : 9 : 13
Let first angle = 3x
Second angle = 5x
Third angle = 9x
and fourth angle = 13x
∵ The sum of angles of a quadrilateral = 360°
∴ 3x + 5x + 9x + 13x = 360°
⇒ 30x = 360° ⇒ x = 360∘30  = 12
∴ Smallest angle = 3x = 3 x 12° = 36°

Question 8.
In parallelogram ABCD if ∠A = (3x – 20°), ∠B = (y + 15)°, ∠C = (x + 40°), then find the value of x and y.
Solution:
In a ||gm ABCD,
∠A = (3x – 20°), ∠B = y + 15°,
∠C = x + 40°
Now, ∠A = ∠C (Opposite angles of a ||gm)
⇒ 3x – 20 = x + 40°
⇒ 3x – x = 40° + 20° ⇒ 2x = 60°
⇒ x = 60∘2  = 30°
and ∠A + ∠B = 180° (Sum of the consecutive angles)
⇒ 3x-20° + y + 15° = 180°
⇒ 3x + y – 5° = 180°
⇒ 3 x 30° +y- 5° = 180°
⇒ 90° – 5° + y = 180
y = 180° – 90° + 5 = 95°
∴ x = 30°, y = 95°

Question 9.
If measures opposite angles of a parallelogram are (60 – x)° and (3x – 4)°, then find the measures of angles of the parallelogram.
Solution:
Opposite angles of a ||gm ABCD are (60 – x)° and (3x – 4°)
But opposite angles of a ||gm are equal, the
60° – x° = 3x – 4° ⇒ 60° + 4° = 3x + x
⇒ 4x = 64° ⇒ x = 64∘4∘  = 16°
∴ ∠A = 60° – x = 60° – 16° = 44°
But ∠A + ∠B = 180° (sum of consecutive angle)
⇒ 44° + ∠B = 180°
⇒ ∠B = 180° – 44°
⇒ ∠B = 136°
But ∠A = ∠C and ∠B = ∠D (Opposite angles)
∴ Angles are 44°, 136°, 44°, 136°

Question 10.
In a parallelogram ABCD, the bisectors of ∠A also bisect BC at x, find AB : AD.
Solution:
In ||gm ABCD,
Bisectors of ∠A meets BC at X and BX = XC
Draw XY ||gm AB meeting AD at Y
RD Sharma Solutions Class 9 Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables

Question 11.
In the figure, PQRS in an isosceles trapezium find x and y.
Solution:
∵ PQRS is an isosceles trapezium in which
SP = RQ and SR || PQ
∴ ∠P + ∠S = 180° (Sum of co-interior angles)
3x + 2x = 180° ⇒ 5x = 180°
⇒ x = 180∘5  = 36°
RD Sharma Class 9 PDF Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
But ∠P = ∠Qm (Base angles of isosceles trapezium)
y = 2x = 2 x 36° = 12°
∴ y = 12°
Hence x = 36°, y = 12°

Question 12.
In the figure ABCD is a trapezium. Find the values of x and y.
Linear Equations in Two Variables Class 9 RD Sharma Solutions
Solution:
In trapezium ABCD,
AB || CD
RD Sharma Class 9 Solution Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
∴ ∠A + ∠D = 180° (Sum of cointerior angles)
x + 20° + 2x + 10° = 180°
3x + 30° = 180°
⇒ 3x= 180° – 30°
3x = 150°
x = 150∘3  = 50°
Similarly, ∠B + ∠C = 180°
⇒ y + 92° = 180°
⇒ y = 180° – 92° = 88°
∴ x = 50°, y = 88°

Question 13.
In the figure, ABCD and AEFG are two parallelograms. If ∠C = 58°, find ∠F.
Class 9 RD Sharma Solutions Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
Solution:
In the figure, ABCD and AEFG are two parallelograms ∠C = 58°
Class 9 RD Sharma Solutions Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
∵ DC || GF and CB || FE (Sides of ||gms)
∴ ∠C = ∠F
But ∠C = 58°
∴ ∠F = 58°

Question 14.
Complete each of the following statements by means of one of those given in brackets against each:
(i) If one pair of opposite sides are equal and parallel, then the figure is ……… (parallelogram, rectangle, trapezium)
(ii) If in a quadrilateral only one pair of opposite sides are parallel, the quadrilateral is …….. (square, rectangle, trapezium)
(iii) A line drawn from the mid-point of one side of a triangle ………. another side intersects the third side at its mid-point, (perpendicular to, parallel to, to meet)
(iv) If one angle of a parallelogram is a right angle, then it is necessarily a …….. (rectangle, square, rhombus)
(v) Consecutive angle of a parallelogram are ……… (supplementary, complementary)
(vi) If both pairs of opposite sides of a quadrilateral are equal, then it is necessarily a ……… (rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus)
(vii) If opposite angles of a quadrilateral are equal, then it is necessarily a ………. (parallelogram, rhombus, rectangle)
(viii)If consecutive sides of a parallelogram are equal, then it is necessarily a …….. (kite, rhombus, square)
Solution:
(i) If one pair of opposite sides are equal and parallel, then the figure is parallelogram.
(ii) If in a quadrilateral only one pair of opposite sides are parallel, the quadrilateral is trapezium.
(iii) A line drawn from the mid-point of one side of a triangle parallel to another side intersects the third side at its mid-point,
(iv) If one angle of a parallelogram is a right angle, then it is necessarily a rectangle.
(v) Consecutive angle of a parallelogram are supplementary.
(vi) If both pairs of opposite sides of a quadrilateral are equal, then it is necessarily a parallelogram.
(vii) If opposite angles of a quadrilateral are equal, then it is necessarily a parallelogram.
(viii) If consecutive sides of a parallelogram are equal, then it is necessarily a rhombus.

Question 15.
In a quadrilateral ABCD, bisectors of A and B intersect at O such that ∠AOB = 75°, then write the value of ∠C + ∠D.
Solution:
In quadrilateral ABCD,
Bisectors of ∠A and ∠B meet at O and ∠AOB = 75°
Class 9 Maths Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables RD Sharma Solutions
In AOB, ∠AOB = 75°
∴ ∠OAB + ∠OBA = 180° – 75° = 105°
But OA and OB are the bisectors of ∠A and ∠B.
∴ ∠A + ∠B = 2 x 105° = 210°
But ∠A + ∠B + ∠C + ∠D = 360° (Sum of angles of a quad.)
∴ 210° + ∠C + ∠D = 360°
⇒ ∠C + ∠D = 360° – 210° = 150°
Hence ∠C + ∠D = 150°

Question 16.
The diagonals of a rectangle ABCD meet at O. If ∠BOC = 44° find ∠OAD.
Solution:
In rectangle ABCD,
Diagonals AC and BD intersect each other at O and ∠BOC = 44°
RD Sharma Book Class 9 PDF Free Download Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
But ∠AOD = ∠BOC (Vertically opposite angles)
∴ ∠AOD = 44°
In ∆AOD,
∠AOD + ∠OAD + ∠ODA = 180° (Sum of angles of a triangle)
⇒ 44° + ∠OAD + ∠OAD = 180° [∵ OA = OD, ∠OAD = ∠ODA]
⇒ 2∠OAD = 180° – 44° = 136°
∴ ∠OAD = 136∘2  = 68°

Question 17.
If ABCD is a rectangle with ∠BAC = 32°, find the measure if ∠DBC.
Solution:
In rectangle ABCD,
RD Sharma Class 9 Book Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
Diagonals bisect each other at O
∠BAC = 32°
∵ OA = OB
∴ ∠OBA Or ∠DBA = ∠BAC = 32°
But ∠ABC = 90° (Angle of a rectangles)
∴ ∠DBC = ∠ABC – ∠DBA
= 90° – 32° = 58°

Question 18.
If the bisectors of two adjacent angles A and B of a quadrilateral ABCD intersect at a point O. Such that ∠C + ∠D = k(∠AOB), then find the value of k.
Solution:
In quadrilateral ABCD,
Bisectors of ∠A and ∠B meet at O
Such that ∠C + ∠D = k (∠AOB)
Linear Equations in Two Variables With Solutions PDF RD Sharma Class 9 Solutions
RD Sharma Class 9 Maths Book Questions Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables

Question 19.
In the figure, PQRS is a rhombus in which the diagonal PR is produced to T. If ∠SRT = 152°, find x, y and z.
RD Sharma Mathematics Class 9 Solutions Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
Solution:
In rhombus PQRS,
Diagonal PR and SQ bisect each other at right angles and PR is produced to T such that ∠SRT = 152°
Solution Of Rd Sharma Class 9 Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
But ∠SRT + ∠SRP = 180° (Linear pair)
⇒ 152° +∠SRP = 180°
⇒ ∠SRP =180°- 152° = 28°
But ∠SPR = ∠SRP (∵ PR bisects ∠P and ∠R)
⇒ z = 28°
y = 90° (∵ Diagonals bisect each other at right angles)
∠RPQ = z = 28°
∴ In ∆POQ,
z + x = 90° ⇒ 28° + x = 90°
⇒ x = 90° – 28° = 62°
∴ x = 62°, y = 90°, z = 28°

Question 20.
In the figure, ABCD is a rectangle in which diagonal AC is produced to E. If ∠ECD = 146°, find ∠AOB.
RD Sharma Math Solution Class 9 Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
Solution:
In rectangle ABCD,
Diagonals AC and BD bisect each other at O
AC is produced to E and ∠DCE = 146°
RD Sharma Class 9 Questions Chapter 13 Linear Equations in Two Variables
∠DCE + ∠DCA = 180° (Linear pair)
⇒ 146°+ ∠DCA= 180°
⇒ ∠DCA = 180°- 146°
⇒ ∠DCA = 34°
∴ ∠CAB = ∠DCA (Alternate angles)
= 34°
Now in ∆AOB,
∠AOB = 180° – (∠DAB + ∠OBA)
= 180° – (34° + 34°)
= 1803 – 68° = 112°

All Chapter RD Sharma Solutions For Class 9 Maths

—————————————————————————–

All Subject NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions For Class 9

All Subject NCERT Solutions For Class 9

*************************************************

I think you got complete solutions for this chapter. If You have any queries regarding this chapter, please comment on the below section our subject teacher will answer you. We tried our best to give complete solutions so you got good marks in your exam.

If these solutions have helped you, you can also share rdsharmasolutions.in to your friends.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.