# RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 7 Factorization Ex 7.1

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### RD Sharma Solutions for Class 8 Chapter 7 Factorization Ex 7.1Download PDF

Find the greatest common factors (GCF / HCF) of the following polynomials : (1 – 14)

Question 1.
2x2 and 12x2
Solution:
2x2 and 12x2
HCF of 2 and 12 =2
HCF of x2,x2=x2
∴ HCF = 2x2

Question 2.
(6xy3 and 18x2y3
Solution:
6x3y and 18xy
HCF of 6, 18 = 6
HCF of x3 and x2 = x2
HCF of y and y3 -y
∴ HCF = 6x2y

Question 3.
7x, 21x2 and 14xy2
Solution:
7x, 21x2 and 14xy2
HCF of 7, 21 and 14 = 7
HCF of x, x2, x = x
∴ HCF = 7x

Question 4.
42x2yz and 63x3y2z3
Solution:
42x2yz and 63x3y2z3
HCF of 42 and 63 = 21
HCF of x2, x3 = x2
HCF of y,y2=y
HCF of z,z3 = z
∴ HCF = 21 x2yz

Question 5.
12ax2,6a2x3 and 2ax5

Solution:
12ax2, 6a2x3 and 2a3x5
HCF of 12, 6,2 = 2
HCF of a, a2, a3 = a
HCF of x2, x3, x5 = x2
∴ HCF = 2ax2

Question 6.
9x2, 15x2y3, 6xy2 and 21x2y2
Solution:
9x2, 15xV, 6xy2 and 21x2y2
HCF of 9, 15, 6,21 = 3
HCF of x2, x2, x, x2 = x
HCF of 1, y3, y2, y2 =2
∴ HCF = 3x

Question 7.
4a2b3 -12a3b, 18a4b3
Solution:
4a2b3, -12a3b, 18a4b3
HCF of 4, 12, 18 = 2
HCF of a2, a3, a4 = a2
HCF of b3,b, b3 = b
∴ HCF = 2a2b

Question 8.
6x2y2, 9xy3, 3x3y2

Solution:
6x2y2, 9xy3, 3x3y2
HCF of 6, 9, 3 = 3
HCF of x2, x, x3 = x
HCF of y2,y3,y2=y2
∴ HCF = 3xy2

Question 9.
a2b3, a3b2
Solution:
a2b3, a3b2
HCF of a2, a3 = a2
HCF of b3, b2 = b2
∴ HCF = a2b2

Question 10.
36a2b2c4, 54a5c2,90a4b2c2
Solution:
36a2b2c4, 54a5c2,90a4b2c2
HCF of 36, 54, 90 = 18
HCF of a2, a5, a4 = a2
HCF of b2, 1,b2= 1
HCF of c4,c2,c2 = c2
∴ HCF = 18a2 x 1 x c2 = 18a2c2

Question 11.
x3, – yx2
Solution:
x3, – yx2
HCF of x3, x2 = x2
HCF of 1, y= 1
∴ HCF = x2

Question 12.
15a3, -45a2, -150a
Solution:
15a3,-45a2,-150a
HCF of 15,45, 150 = 15
HCF of a3, a2, a = a
∴ HCF = 15a

Question 13.
2x3y2, 10x2y3, 14xy
Solution:
2x3y2, 10x2y3, 14xy
HCF of 2, 10, 14 = 2
HCF of x3, x2, x = x
HCF of y2,y3,y=y
∴ HCF = 2xy

Question 14.
14x3y5, 10x5y3, 2x2y2
Solution:
14x3y5, 10x5y3, 2x2y2
HCF of 14, 10, 2, = 2
HCF of x3, x5, x2 = x2
HCF of y5,y3,y2=y2
∴ HCF = 2xy

Find the greatest common factor of the terms in each of the following expressions:

Question 15.
5a4 + 10a3 – 15a2
Solution:
5a4 + 10a3– 15a2
HCF of 5, 10, 15 = 5
HCF of a4, a3, a2 = a2
∴ HCF = 5a2

Question 16.
2xyz + 3x2y + 4y2
Solution:
2xyz + 3x2y + 4y2
HCF of 2, 3,4 = 1
HCF of x, x2, 1 = 1
HCF of y,y,y2 =y
HCF of z, 1, 1 = 1
∴ HCF = y

Question 17.
3a2b2 + 4b2c2 + 12a2b2c2
Solution:

3a2b2 + 4b2c2 + 12a2b2c2
HCF of 3, 4, 12 = 1
HCF of a2, 1, a2 = 1
HCF of b2, b2, b2 = b2
HCF of 1, c2, c2 = 1
∴ HCF = b2

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