RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1



In this chapter, we provide RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 for English medium students, Which will very helpful for every student in their exams. Students can download the latest RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 pdf, free RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 book pdf download. Now you will get step by step solution to each question.

TextbookNCERT
ClassClass 8
SubjectMaths
ChapterChapter 27
Chapter NameIntroduction to Graphs
ExerciseEx 27.1

RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 Download PDF

Question 1.
Plot the points (5,0 ), (5,1), (5, 8). Do they lie on a line ? What is your observation ?
Solution:
Draw XOX’ and YOY’ the co-ordinates axis on the graph.
Take 1 cm = 1 unit
Point A (5, 0), B (5, 1) and C (5, 8) have been plotted on the graph. By joining A, B and C, we see that these points lie on the same line which is 5 units from y-axis.
RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 1

Question 2.
Plot the points (2, 8), (7, 8) and (12, 8). Join these points in pairs. Do they lie on a line ? What do you observe ?
Solution:
Draw XOX’ and YOY’, the co-ordinate axis on the graph.
Take 0.5 cm = 1 unit.
Now points A (2, 8), B (7, 8), and C (12, 8) have been plotted on the graph. By joining them, we see that these points lie on the same line which is at a distance of 8 unit from x-axis.
RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 2

Question 3.
Locate the points :
(i) (1,1), (1,2), (1,3), (1,4)
(ii) (2,1), (2, 2), (2,3), (2,4)
(iii) (1,3), (2,3), (3,3), (4,3)
(iv) (1,4), (2,4), (3,4), (4,4).
Solution:
The points given in (i) and (ii) are locates in first graph.
RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 3
(i) (1,1), (1,2), (1,3), (1,4)
(ii) (2,1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4)
Points of (iii) and (iv) are located in the adjoining graph.
(iii) (1, 3), (2, 3), (3, 3), (4, 3)
(iv) (1,4), (2, 4), (3, 4), (4,4)
RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 4

Question 4.
Find the coordinates of points A, B, C, D in the figure
RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 5
Solution:
Draw perpendicular from A, B, C and D on x-axis and also on y-axis.
A is 1 unit from y-axis and 1 unit from x-axis.
∴ Co-ordinates of A are (1,1)
B is 1 unit fr onr y-axis and 4 units from x-axis
∴ Co-ordinates of B are (1,4)
C is 4 units from y-axis and 6 units from x-axis
∴ Co-ordinates of C are (4, 6)
D is 5 units fromy-axis and 3 units from x-axis
∴ Co-ordinates of D are (5,3)

Question 5.
Find the coordinates of points P, Q, R and S in Fig.
RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 6

Solution:
Through P, Q, R and S, draw perpendiculars on x-axis and also on y-axis.
(i) P is 10 units form >’-axis and 70 units from y-axis
∴ Co-ordinates of P are (10, 70)
(ii) Q is 12 unit from x-axis and 80 units from y-axis
∴ Co-ordinates of Q are (12, 80)
(iii) R is 16 units from x-axis and 100 units from y-axis
∴ Co-ordinates of R are (16, 100)
(iv) S is 20 units from x-axis and 120 units from y-axis
∴ Co-ordinates of S are (20, 120)

Question 6.
Write the coordinates of each of the vertices of each polygon in the figure.
RD Sharma Class 8 Solutions Chapter 27 Introduction to Graphs Ex 27.1 7
Solution:
(i) In figure OXYZ
Co-ordinates of O are (0, 0) ∵It is the origin
Co-ordinates of X are (0, 2) ∵ It lies on y – axis
Co-ordinates of Y are (2, 2)
Co-ordinates of Z are (2, 0) ∵It lies on x-axis
(ii) In figure ABCD, draw perpendicular from A, B, C, D on x-axis and y-axis.
A is 4 unit from y-axis and 5 units from x- axis
∴ Co-ordinates of A are (4, 5)
B is 7 units from y-axis and 5 units from x – axis
∴ Co-ordinates of B are (7, 5)
C is 6 units from y-axis and 3 units from x- axis
∴ Co-ordinates of C are (6, 3)
D is 3 units from y-axis as well x-axis
∴ Co-ordinates of D are (3, 3)
(iii) In figure PQR, perpendiculars for P, Q, R are drawn on x-axis and also on y-axis.
∴ Co-ordinates of P are (7, 4), of Q are (9, 5) and of R are (9, 3).

Question 7.
Decide which of the following statements is true and which is false. Give reasons for your answer.
(i) A point whose x-coordinate is zero, will lie on they-axis.
(ii) A point whose y-coordinate is zero, will lie on x-axis.
(iii) The coordinates of the origin are (0, 0).
(iv) Points whose x and y coordinates are equal, lie on a line passing through the origin.
Solution:
(i) Correct: ∵ every point on y-axis, its x = 0
(ii) Correct: ∵ every point on x-axis, its y = 0
(iii) Correct
(iv) Correct

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